Ancient History

What regions did Alexander the Great conquer?
Answered by Discovery Channel
  • Discovery Channel

    Discovery Channel

  1. Alexander III of Macedon, or more popularly known as Alexander the Great, was educated by Aristotle before he inherited the Macedonian kingdom from his father Philip upon Philip's assassination in 336 B.C. [source: BBC History]. He spent the years 334-331 B.C. conquering the Mediterranean region. Before setting out to conquer regions around Macedonia, however, Alexander had to take care of some domestic issues. Questions arose regarding his right to the throne -- his mother was from neighboring Epirus. One of Alexander's first tasks when ascending to the throne following his father's death was to order the execution of all of his Macedonian enemies. He then had to put down rebellions in several conquered nations [source: History of Macedonia].

    Alexander the Great defeated the Persian army of Memnon of Rhodes in just one day, with barely any losses. After conquering Asia Minor, Alexander moved south to defeat Persian King Darius III, despite Darius' offer to share his empire. At that point, Alexander took some of the Persian royal treasure, which he sorely needed. The Macedonian army defeated Tyre after a seven-month siege and Gaza after a two-month siege. His army reportedly killed 7,000 people and sold 30,000 more as slaves as part of the siege of Tyre.

    During the winter of 332-331 B.C., Alexander was a pharaoh in Egypt, where he was welcomed after having defeated Persian rule; there he built the city of Alexandria. After Darius' defeat at Issus, he had fled to Babylon and assembled a new army. Alexander defeated him again, and when Darius escaped, Alexander took the title of Great King of the Persian Empire, claiming that their former king had renounced his power.

    Alexander's army continued traveling to the rest of the Persian capitals from 331-330, conquering and collecting spoils. Darius continued to retreat until a relative of his, Bessus, killed him. The Macedonian army conquered areas near the Caspian Sea and in Russian Turkestan and Afghanistan in 330-327. In about 325 B.C., Alexander was wounded in a battle with the Mali in India. He died of a fever in 324 B.C.


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