In Janine Benyus' book, "Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature," she emphasizes nine laws of nature including the following:
- Nature runs on sunlight.
- Nature utilizes only the energy it needs.
- Energy fits form to function.
- Energy recycles everything.
- Nature rewards cooperation.
- Nature banks on diversity.
- Nature demands local expertise.
- Nature curbs excess from within.
- Nature taps the power of limits.
Benyus believes that each of these "laws of nature" must be seriously considered when attempting to create a biometric design. If one of the laws is not considered, the design's outcome cannot be truly biomimetic.
The biomimetic technology behind this robot fish is based on the common carp. The robot navigates and propels itself through water with its fins, just like a real fish. (Adrian Dennis/AFP/Getty Images)
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