Justice is closely related to the concept of equality; we consider equal treatment to be an important part of a just society. Distributive justice theorists believe that to accomplish such equality, then all of the goods and material wealth available to a society must be divided equally among all citizens. These theorists would make the argument that if all citizens are equal, then all citizens deserve a proportionate amount of resources. The question, though, is what the word 'deserves' means in this situation. If you believe in a meritocracy, then you believe that individuals deserve only as much as they worked to get, and they should get to keep the fruits of their labor. On the other hand, you'd have to question whether every citizen had an equal opportunity to such success.
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