Presidential pardons can either commute a sentence or grant a full pardon. Commuting a sentence means reducing it once it has begun, or even before it has begun. A full pardon restores civic liberties (such as the right to vote, or serve on a jury) that were taken away, so the legal status of the offender is exactly what it was before the offense. A conditional pardon exacts something from the offender in exchange for the pardon, such as a promise to stay away from political rebellion. Meanwhile, an act of remission removes a fine or legal obligation that results from a federal case, and a respite buys time during a court action or sentencing, giving the offender more time to be granted a pardon or stay of execution. The ability to perform these acts of clemency has been granted to the president alone.
How can we counteract the negative influences of mass culture?
Answered by Alex Sandy Pentland
What are some patterns in the movement of power and wealth?
Answered by Richard Saul Wurman
How can I become a U.S. Marshal?
Answered by Discovery Channel