Philip of Macedon was the king of Macedonia from 359 to 336 B.C. Having spent his youth in Thebes learning Greek military tactics and Greek culture, he sought to gain control of Greece and to bring to Macedonia the Greek culture he admired. He became king by deposing his infant nephew when his older brother died.
Philip built a new army with strong military tactics and moved toward Greece, using fraud, negotiation and bribery when possible instead of military might. His army met with success upon reaching Greece and Philip II planned to conquer Greek cities and free them from Persian rule. Before he could conquer all of them, he was struck down by Pausanias, a member of his court, and assassinated in 336 B.C. His wife was Queen Olympias and his son was Alexander the Great.
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