Gene doping is a form of gene modification similar to gene therapy, but rather than altering genes to treat or prevent an illness, they are changed to make normal genes perform differently. Altering genes to enhance athletic performance is the most viable reason for gene doping.
There are two ways in which gene doping could be used to enhance athletic performance. Doctors could change genes the athlete already possessed in order to make them more competitive or genes could be added to change an athlete's physical makeup.
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