The Human Genome Project was launched in 1990 by the National Institutes of Health and Department of Energy to study the human genome, or entire bundle of human DNA. In this project, scientists hoped to learn more about the workings of the human genome, including its sequencing. They wanted to identify various genes and chart variations. They selected five "model organisms," which they planned to study and record information about the sequencing.
This illustration shows four base pairs of DNA. The Human Genome Project studied 3.2 billion of these base pairs! (Genome Management Information System, Oak Ridge National Laboratory)
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