A 53-acre (21 hectare) compound with 134 large columns, the Temple at Karnak honors the Theban Triad Amun, Mut and their son Khonsu. The temple complex was started during Egypt's Middle Kingdom period, about 2000 to 1800 B.C., and added onto by Egyptian rulers over the next 1,700 years. The temple houses a large obelisk of rose granite, 90-feet (27 meters) tall and 340 tons (308 metric tons), that honors Hatshepsut, the first female pharaoh. Two other large statues honor Amun and Amunet. Other fascinating features of the temple complex are a sacred lake with a symbolic statue of the sun god Amun and a courtyard that houses 17,000 bronze figures from the Temple of Amun.
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