Wicca is a pagan religion that worships the planet and nature, and it is the predominant type of witchcraft today. Gerald Gardner, who thought of witchcraft as a positive religion that included divination and magic, founded Wicca in the mid-20th century. Many of the practices that Gardner included in Wicca had been part of different cultures and religions for centuries. Their defining motto is, "If it does no harm, do your own will," and Wiccans swear an oath not to use their magic with harmful intent. There are many different definitions of what Wicca and witches actually are, and many don't agree on exactly how to define them. Though there are many Wiccan traditions today, they all are based in some way on Gardner's ideas.
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