The Academy Award statuette, also known as the "Oscar," was designed by an MGM art director named Cedric Gibbons and a sculptor named George Stanley in 1928. Originally, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences referred to it as the Academy Award of Merit. Only later, in the 1930s, did the statuette receive its now-common nickname.
Although there are a few different tales concerning how the Academy Awards came to be called Oscars, the Academy itself endorses the following story: Margaret Herrick - - a librarian who worked for the Academy in the 1930s - - observed that the crusader figure on the award statuette had a physical resemblance to her Uncle Oscar. After that, the name stuck.
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