Discovery Fit & Health
The "lobotomy revolution " lasted fewer than 20 years. In part due to inconsistent results, the medical and scientific communities had reservations about the efficacy of the various procedures. In 1950, the first antipsychotic drug, Thorazine, was synthesized to treat symptoms of schizophrenia and soon replaced lobotomy as the preferred treatment for the disease. The USSR banned lobotomies in 1953, and a then-Soviet psychiatrist named Dr. Nicolai Oseresky spoke at the World Federation of Mental Health, saying that lobotomies threatened to "violate the principles of humanity. " Other experts at the gathering apparently shared this opinion.
Lobotomy is performed in a few countries today. Now known as neurosurgery for mental disorder (NMD), it's a last resort to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression and epilepsy.
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