Ancient History

Why was the ancient Roman ruler Octavian called Augustus?
Answered by Science Channel
  • Science Channel

    Science Channel

  1. The word "Augustus" means majestic. Octavian was responsible for ending the Roman Empire's civil war, so he was given the title Augustus by the Roman Senate. He's remembered as Rome's first emperor because he wielded supreme power and passed his authority down to his heir. Augustus never actually took the title "emperor;" instead he improved the republic form of government. The empire became more peaceful and prosperous under his reign. The two-century period of "pax Romana" (Roman peace) began with Augustus.

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